Maasai Mara National Reserve - Kenya Tours
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Maasai Mara National Reserve - Kenya Tours. Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya is the natural continuation of the Serengeti wastelands in Tanzania. With its 1,800 km2 large reserve, Maasai Mara is the most wildlife rich place in the world. Maasai Mara is located in the southern part of Kenya in the Narok County and is part of the Greater Mara Ecosystem which also includes the neighboring conservancy Enonkishu, Mara Naboisho, Mara North, Ol Kinyei and Olare Motorogi. The Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya is also known for the biggest animal show in the world that takes place every year from July until the end of October. It is better known as The Great Migration where 1.4 million wildebeests, 500,000 gazelles, and 200,000 zebras move in a quest for the best pastures, finding along the way the crocodile-crowded river.
Maasai Mara National Reserve is one of the highly guarded reserve conservancies. This reserve is not managed by Kenya Wildlife Service as it is not a national animal park. Special arrangements are there to manage the reserve by the district councils. Since the reserve is located at an altitude of 1,500 meters above sea level, the eco conditions are quite favorable, and the atmosphere is wet and milder than the rest of the reserve terrain. The district councils use the income for the development of Maasai community. For administrative convenience, the Conservancy is divided between Narok and Trans Mara councils. The western part of the reserve, which is also known as the Mara Triangle, is being managed by the Trans Mara council and the rest of the reserve on the eastern side along the Mara River is being managed by Narok council.
The famous Mara-Serengeti ecosystem is well known for rich grassland spread over 25,000 square KM cut through the southern end of Kenya and enter into the north side of Tanzania. The landscape Mara is with contrasting features! You can see the reminiscence of inactive prehistoric volcanoes on the western side and thick bushes, isolated woods spread over the area, lush green meadows, and flooding river in the rest of the area. On the border of Maasai Mara the National Reserve is located in the Siria Escarpment, which is part of the Great Rift Valley and is located 150 meters above from the valley. It is one of the finest places for excellent safari activities.
There is only one lodge you can find in Mara Triangle, which is the Mara Serena Safari Lodge. This lodge is situated exactly at the center of the Mara Triangle and very close to the Mara River. You will have a magnificent view of the surroundings from the lodge as the lodge is located on the cloaked hill of Mara Serena. The downward views from the lodge are very much scintillating with the visuals of spiraling Mara River with lots of Hippopotamus and crocodiles will be an enchanting experience. The wildlife here is meticulously protected from the unscrupulous poachers by the vigilant rangers. As a result, you are lucky to watch the wildlife all through the season. You can also have excellent tourism activities on the Narok controlled area similar or more that of Mara Triangle area. In this part of Maasai Mara National Reserve, you can find lots of lodges and camps with basic facilities.
The Mara North Conservancy borders the northern part of the Mara Triangle, which has a fascinating wilderness surrounding. The area spans around 30,000 hectares and is a very important part of the ecosystem here. It not only forms the northwestern border of this protective zone but also is a link between the visitors and the tourists. There is a partnership here between the local area and the Maasai people. This is a nonprofit venture, and the main aim is to create a bonding with the environment. The area is, in fact, one of the most populated areas in the wildlife zones and lies in the Greater Mara ecosystem. The Leopard George is a maternity and birthing area for the big cats and is found in this very Mara North Conservancy. The background of the visually beautiful Lemek Hills is again a wonderful sight. The place also shelters the African wild dogs that are a threatened species today. The Mara North Conservancy also maintains a discipline of maintaining the environment by lowering the vehicles as well the tourist influx here.
The Enonkishu Conservancy lies to the north of The Mara North Conservancy consists of livestock improvements using cattle management programs. The habitat at the Enonkishu Conservancy consists of wooded acacia tree savannah, rocky and undulating hills. The Mara river has many crocodiles and hippos that border the Conservancy. A pride of lions can be found at the edge of Enonkishu and Ol Choro Oiroua. The Conservancy is frequently visited by groups of elephants. Enonkishu Conservancy provides their guests with the excellent viewing experience of rare species including caracal, aardwolf, aardvark and serval cat.
On the east side of Mara North Conservancy is located the Olare Motorogi Conservancy. This is a perfect Hallmark location for wildlife conservancy and is considered as an excellent example of sustainability of the Maasai Mara ecosystem. Tourists can have mind blowing watching experience of wildlife that are very rare and could not be found anywhere in the grass plains of Maasai Mara ecosystem. Mixed wildlife including big cats, wild predators, and herbivores are the main attraction in this area. Sighting herds of elephants, wild dogs, and black rhinos are also common.
The Mara Naboisho Conservancy is found in the east of the Olare Motorogi Conservancy, and it is the best habitat for the big cats, many elephants, and the famous wildebeest and, of course, the famed giraffe. This is, in fact, a delight for the avid bird watcher as the rarest of the rare species are sighted here. So get the best views of the White Headed Buffalo-Weaver, the Bush Pipits, the Pigmy Falcon, and the White crowned Shrike. It is indeed a pleasant paradise and always focuses on the impact on the environment. Thus, one would not really have a crowd here, and there is an obvious low density of vehicles as well as the tourist here. This is why it is a very special wildlife spot.
To the east of the Mara Naboisho Conservancy lies the Ol Kinyei Conservancy which is a pioneering and award winning conservancy and the first conservancy in the Greater Mara ecosystem. To promote wildlife conservation the conservancy is a livestock exclusion zone. A pride of lions with over 30 is resident in Ol Kinyei Conservancy as well as leopards and more than 300 types of birds.
Attraction: Hot Air Balloon Safari and breakfast
The specialty of Mara is the Hot Air Balloon Safari facility that you can have anywhere from the Conservancy. Flowing silently over the savannah accompanied by the gas blowing humming sound, the balloon safari is going to be a wonderful experience you can never forget in your life. You can experience the wildlife movement as most of the wild predators look up for their hunting prey in the early morning before sunrise. The Hot Air Balloon Safari won't last more than one hour as a standard practice. To add up your excitement, an ardent and cheering Safari support staffs will be ready on the ground greeting you with holding a bottle of champagne and breakfast in their hand. Your experience will never stop without having a close encounter with those wild guests roaming around while you are having your breakfast.
You might want to get your hat as it can protect your head from the heat that is produced from the gas burners.
Attraction: Walking safari
One cannot have a walking safari within the Maasai Mara National Reserve. But it is indeed feasible in the Mara Naboisho Conservancy which is the neighboring region. This is, in fact, a lifetime experience to walk among the wildlife in the beautiful savannah terrain. The entire experience is different, and one gets a different perspective of the overall deal. The bushes, the grass, the ambiance, the mesmerizing feel, all go a long way to making the tour enlightening. Add to this, the fact that there are the Maasai Warriors and one is certainly in their safe hands. They guide one through the region and also protect if any wildlife is found coming too close.
Everything is special about a walking safari. One gets a chance to get closer to animals and also can track them easily. These are the smaller parts of the ecosystem so provide one with the best ideas. For example, the termite mounds and the incessant groups of birdlife here provide one with an idea of the entire area while walking. This is different from the vehicle safari, and one only gets excited about feeling the natural bush and the greens under the feet. The Maasai Warrior Guides throw light on the wildlife habitat and make it a knowledgeable experience for the visitor. This is one experience that tourists would never forget in their lifetime.
Attraction: Night safari
Comparing to the day safari, night safari shall bring unique experiences full of surprises. Further the beauty of night safari is that you can watch those rare wildlife species that you cannot see during the daytime. Some animals barge to the meadows for their foods, especially animals like Hippopotamus, which has a sensitive skin that cannot bear direct sunlight.
Most predators like lions, hyenas and jackals prefer to hunt during the night and early mornings, so that is a good chance of getting a complete different experience from a night safari. Nocturnal animals that cannot be sight during the day adds a bonus to the safari experience as the night unfolds the life on the savannah in the Maasai Mara National Reserve.
People and Culture
The people in the Maasai Mara Reserve are called Maasai and their community name is christened for the reserve. They are found here all over the place. Their children usually tend to the huge herds of goats, sheep and cattle and the others are busy in their everyday village life. This provides a very popular element in the safari tours here. The entire village experience is really worth for the trip giving a new dimension for the tour.
Maasai Mara National Reserve consists of predators including hyena, lions, leopards, and cheetahs that represent the park. There are plenty of prey in and around the reserve. You can also see the rare black rhino in areas with scrub. The elephants can also be seen in large or less herds all over the reserve. They need to eat food for existence. You will be surprised to know that a growing elephant needs 250 kg of vegetable food in a day. You can also get to see pools of hippos, crocodiles, and birds.
It will be wonderful visuals to watch the Great Migration, where a large number of animals like zebra, wildebeest, and gazelle migrate from Serengeti plains to Maasai Mara, repeating every year. This migration is the most attractive phenomenon happens every year in Maasai Mara. The migration season starts during July, and the migrated animals will stay there until October. In between some of the herds will return to Seregeti when the plain savannah is abuzz with fresh grass. The reason behind the migration is in search of fresh grass, their food. And the herds will stay there as long as they have enough grass to gulp. Albeit, this could be the fact it is estimated that only half of the total herds are seen moving to Maasai Mara in search of grass. It is indeed one of the splendid experiences one can have at Maasai Mara.
What makes Maasai Mara National Reserve from the rest of reserves in Kenya is the presence of Big Five animals that include predators such as lion, leopard and herbivores such as buffalo, rhinoceros, and elephant. Though the authorities have implemented strict policies to check illegal poaching, the numbers of black rhinos are still considered as an endangered species. The policies of the authorities have helped to improve their numbers since the implementation of anti-poaching laws that was a menace in 1980. However, there is no assurance that you might be able to see a black rhinoceros during your Mara Safari.
The Maasai Mara National Reserve is 260 km from Nairobi, and you can reach there in five or six hours by road from Nairobi or Lake Nakuru. Depending on your travel plans, make sure that you book your transport and reach the reserve before dark. It is always best to plan months ahead so that you can avail the services.
Lodges and camps
The Maasai Mara National Reserve provides different kinds of services and amenities to suit the needs of their customers. You can make use of the 5-star luxurious lodges, tented camps, and camping facilities that provide you with an actual camp lifestyle. The need to stay inside the reserve premises is not there as you are provided with night safaris.
You can spend two to six days in the reserve area depending on the season. It is better if you stay for at least four days or a week to experience the wildlife in the Maasai Mara National Reserve. Perhaps, you can reside in two different locations in the reserve. This helps you to see a larger variety of animals in the reserve.